Belonging / Including

Guy Le Gaufey

“Belonging” also has a strong meaning in elementary logic. Can this meaning be useful to conceive of the relationship between the Lacanian subject and its specular image, considered as the very foundation of its ego?

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Hostages to Identification

Richard Klein, LRCP&SI (MB, BS)

In the classical notion of belonging, for instance the social bond created by religion, the community is based on the logic of one-among-many. In 1921 in Group Psychology, Freud discovered the beginnings of a new social bond in the effects of the esprit de corps. This he based on envy of the younger sibling who knocked him off the breast. When the older sibling experiences being damaged by his own hate, a demand for equality emerges as well as a sense of duty. This sort of social bond is one step outside the monotheistic social bond but still with the same logic of one-among-many. What happened between then and the introduction of the knot by Lacan? From the esprit de corps to the esprit des noeuds (knot, ne pas, Verneinung). we have the signifier of the one-all-alone.

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Unclassifiable: How to Symbolically Kill a Father-Child

Martine Fourré, PhD

This formulation strictly follows an imaginary institutionalization (Castoriadis 1975) of the Modern era in the West, one that may not apply to the other social and cultural contexts where psychoanalysis is practiced today.

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